Distances Between the Planets

The distances between each planet in our solar system will vary depending on each orbit. No planet has a perfectly circular orbit around the sun and therefore the distance between each planet can take on two very extreme numbers. For example, the distance between Mercury and Earth can range from 77 million kilometres at their closest point, to 222 million kilometres at their farthest. For this reason, it is easiest to look at the average distance between planets as opposed to a specific distance at any point in time; however we have also included minimum and maximum distances.

Planet Distance Matrix

Below is a matrix of the eight planets in our solar system and their respective distances from each other. Each distance is calculated as an average and converted into astronomical units (AU) where 1 AU = the distance between the Sun and Earth = 149,598,000 kilometres.

This chart is based on averages and the distances from one planet to another have been calculated by the difference in their mean distance from the sun. This means that the data shown will be limited in accuracy; however if you click on a particular data cell you will find more information on that planet’s orbit and its maximum and minimum distances from the opposing planet in the matrix.

  Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
Mercury 0.33 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Venus

Average Distance: 0.33 AU | 30,675,416 mi | 49,367,297 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.61 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Earth

Average Distance: 0.33 AU | 30,675,416 mi | 49,367,297 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

1.13 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Mars

Average Distance: 1.13 AU | 105,040,062 mi | 169,045,594 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.81 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Jupiter

Average Distance: 4.81 AU | 447,117,434 mi | 719,565,760 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

9.15 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Saturn

Average Distance: 9.15 AU | 850,545,638 mi | 1,368,820,520 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

18.75 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Uranus

Average Distance: 18.75 AU | 1,742,921,389 mi | 2,804,960,081 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

29.67 AU

Distance Between Mercury and Neptune

Average Distance: 29.67 AU | 2,757,998,806 mi | 4,438,568,833 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Venus 0.33 AU

Distance Between Venus and Mercury

Average Distance: 0.33 AU | 30,675,416 mi | 49,367,297 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.28 AU

Distance Between Venus and Earth

Average Distance: 0.28 AU | 26,027,626 mi | 41,887,404 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.80 AU

Distance Between Venus and Mars

Average Distance: 0.80 AU | 74,364,646 mi | 119,678,297 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.48 AU

Distance Between Venus and Jupiter

Average Distance: 4.48 AU | 416,442,017 mi | 670,198,462 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

8.82 AU

Distance Between Venus and Saturn

Average Distance: 8.82 AU | 819,870,221 mi | 1,319,453,222 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

18.42 AU

Distance Between Venus and Uranus

Average Distance: 18.42 AU | 1,712,245,973 mi | 2,755,592,784 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

29.34 AU

Distance Between Venus and Neptune

Average Distance: 29.34 AU | 2,727,323,390 mi | 4,389,201,535 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Earth 0.61 AU

Distance Between Earth and Mercury

Average Distance: 0.33 AU | 30,675,416 mi | 49,367,297 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.28 AU

Distance Between Earth and Venus

Average Distance: 0.28 AU | 26,027,626 mi | 41,887,404 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.52 AU

Distance Between Earth and Mars

Average Distance: 0.52 AU | 48,337,020 mi | 77,790,893 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.20 AU

Distance Between Earth and Jupiter

Average Distance: 4.2 AU | 390,414,391 mi | 628,311,058 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

8.54 AU

Distance Between Earth and Saturn

Average Distance: 8.54 AU | 793,842,595 mi | 1,277,565,818 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

18.14 AU

Distance Between Earth and Uranus

Average Distance: 18.14 AU | 1,686,218,347 mi | 2,713,705,380 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

29.06 AU

Distance Between Earth and Neptune

Average Distance: 29.06 AU | 2,701,295,764 mi | 4,347,314,131 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Mars 1.13 AU

Distance Between Mars and Mercury

Average Distance: 1.13 AU | 105,040,062 mi | 169,045,594 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.80 AU

Distance Between Mars and Venus

Average Distance: 0.80 AU | 74,364,646 mi | 119,678,297 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

0.52 AU

Distance Between Mars and Earth

Average Distance: 0.52 AU | 48,337,020 mi | 77,790,893 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

3.68 AU

Distance Between Mars and Jupiter

Average Distance: 3.68 AU | 342,077,371 mi | 550,520,165 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

8.02 AU

Distance Between Mars and Saturn

Average Distance: 8.02 AU | 745,505,576 mi | 1,199,774,925 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

17.62 AU

Distance Between Mars and Uranus

Average Distance: 17.62 AU | 1,637,881,327 mi | 2,635,914,487 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

28.54 AU

Distance Between Mars and Neptune

Average Distance: 28.54 AU | 2,652,958,744 mi | 4,269,523,238 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Jupiter 4.81 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Mercury

Average Distance: 4.81 AU | 447,117,434 mi | 719,565,760 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.48 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Venus

Average Distance: 4.48 AU | 416,442,017 mi | 670,198,462 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.20 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Earth

Average Distance: 4.2 AU | 390,414,391 mi | 628,311,058 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

3.68 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Mars

Average Distance: 3.68 AU | 342,077,371 mi | 550,520,165 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.34 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Saturn

Average Distance: 4.34 AU | 403,428,204 mi | 649,254,760 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

13.94 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Uranus

Average Distance: 13.94 AU | 1,295,803,955 mi | 2,085,394,322 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

24.86 AU

Distance Between Jupiter and Neptune

Average Distance: 24.86 AU | 2,310,881,373 mi | 3,719,003,073 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Saturn 9.15 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Mercury

Average Distance: 9.15 AU | 850,545,638 mi | 1,368,820,520 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

8.82 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Venus

Average Distance: 8.82 AU | 819,870,221 mi | 1,319,453,222 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

8.54 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Earth

Average Distance: 8.54 AU | 793,842,595 mi | 1,277,565,818 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

8.02 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Mars

Average Distance: 8.02 AU | 745,505,576 mi | 1,199,774,925 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

4.34 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Jupiter

Average Distance: 4.34 AU | 403,428,204 mi | 649,254,760 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

9.60 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Uranus

Average Distance: 9.6 AU | 2,310,881,373 mi | 3,719,003,073 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

20.52 AU

Distance Between Saturn and Neptune

Average Distance: 20.52 AU | 1,907,453,168 mi | 3,069,748,313 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Uranus 18.75 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Mercury

Average Distance: 18.75 AU | 1,742,921,389 mi | 2,804,960,081 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

18.42 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Venus

Average Distance: 18.42 AU | 1,712,245,973 mi | 2,755,592,784 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

18.14 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Earth

Average Distance: 18.14 AU | 1,686,218,347 mi | 2,713,705,380 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

17.62 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Mars

Average Distance: 17.62 AU | 1,637,881,327 mi | 2,635,914,487 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

13.94 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Jupiter

Average Distance: 13.94 AU | 1,295,803,955 mi | 2,085,394,322 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

9.60 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Saturn

Average Distance: 9.6 AU | 2,310,881,373 mi | 3,719,003,073 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

10.92 AU

Distance Between Uranus and Neptune

Average Distance: 10.92 AU | 1,015,077,417 mi | 1,633,608,751 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

Neptune 29.67 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Mercury

Average Distance: 29.67 AU | 2,757,998,806 mi | 4,438,568,833 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

29.34 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Venus

Average Distance: 29.34 AU | 2,727,323,390 mi | 4,389,201,535 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

29.06 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Earth

Average Distance: 29.06 AU | 2,701,295,764 mi | 4,347,314,131 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

28.54 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Mars

Average Distance: 28.54 AU | 2,652,958,744 mi | 4,269,523,238 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

24.86 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Jupiter

Average Distance: 24.86 AU | 2,310,881,373 mi | 3,719,003,073 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

20.52 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Saturn

Average Distance: 20.52 AU | 1,907,453,168 mi | 3,069,748,313 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

10.92 AU

Distance Between Neptune and Uranus

Average Distance: 10.92 AU | 1,015,077,417 mi | 1,633,608,751 km
Nearest Distance: N/A
Farthest Distance: N/A

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